The Newcastle city is located on north bank of the river Tyne, the city in the area that was the location of the Roman settlement Pons Aelius. The city now owes it's name to the castle built in 1080 AD by Robert II Duke of Normandy, the eldest son William the conqueror.
The Newcastle city is now the twentieth most populous city in England. Newcastle was voted as the Best City in the North in April 2007 by The Daily Telegraph newspaper - beating Liverpool, Manchester, Sheffield and Leeds in an online poll conducted of its readers. The UK's first biotechnology village, the "Centre for Life" is located in the city centre close to the Central Station. The village is the first step in the City Council's plans to transform Newcastle into a science city.
The regional nickname for people from Newcastle and the surrounding area is Geordie.